The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has released the first draft of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. The draft was released ahead of the third meeting of the Open-ended Working Group on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, which will meet online from 23 August to 3 September 2021.
The project dated July 5, 2021 highlights a 2050 vision and a 2030 mission, namely: “By 2050, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and used wisely, by maintaining ecosystem services, by supporting a healthy planet and providing essential benefits for all. By 2030, the draft frameworks state that there will be “urgent action across society to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of resources. genetics, to put biodiversity on the path to recovery in 2030 for the benefit of the planet and people.
The framework identifies 21 action-oriented targets for urgent action over the decade to 2030.
The framework has four long-term goals for 2050 linked to the 2050 Biodiversity Vision, with each 2050 goal having corresponding milestones to assess progress in 2030. The long-term goals relate to:
- Improved integrity of all ecosystems;
- Valuing, maintaining or enhancing nature’s contributions to people through conservation and sustainable use;
- Fair and equitable sharing of the benefits of the use of genetic resources; and
- Bridge the gap between the financial and other means of implementation available, and those needed to achieve Vision 2050.
The framework identifies 21 action-oriented targets for urgent action over the decade to 2030, organized into three categories: reducing threats to biodiversity; meet the needs of the population through sustainable use and benefit-sharing; and tools and solutions for implementation and integration.
GBF’s first draft also includes sections on: mechanisms to support implementation; favorable conditions; accountability and transparency; and awareness, awareness and adoption.
A note from the Co-Chairs of the Open-ended Working Group presenting the first draft indicates that the GBF will be supported by three additional documents: (a) a monitoring framework with key indicators, (b) a glossary with a definition of terms used in the framework, and (c) supporting technical information on each proposed goal and target.
The open-ended working group on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework was established by decision 14/34, reached by the 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the CBD (COP 14) in 2018 , to support the process of developing a post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF). The first meeting of the working group took place from 27 to 30 August 2019 in Nairobi, Kenya, and ended with a request to prepare a preliminary draft text before the second meeting of the working group.
The draft was published in January 2020. It presented five long-term goals for 2050 linked to the 2050 CBD Vision for Biodiversity. Each goal also had an associated outcome for 2030. The five goals addressed: net loss and resilience of ecosystems; reductions in the percentage of endangered species; maintaining and improving genetic diversity; the benefits of nature for man; and increase the fair and equitable sharing of benefits from the use of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge.
The draft framework also included 20 action-oriented goals for 2030, presented under the following categories: reducing threats to biodiversity; meet the needs of the population through sustainable use and benefit-sharing; and tools and solutions for implementation and integration.
The second meeting of the working group was held in February 2020. This meeting reviewed the preliminary draft framework and, among other decisions:
- Invited the 24th meeting of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA 24) to provide input for the development of the global biodiversity framework;
- Invited the Subsidiary Body to provide a scientific and technical review of the updated goals and targets, as well as associated indicators and baselines;
- Requested the co-chairs of the working group and the Secretariat to update the elements of the draft framework that were considered at the second meeting of the working group; and
- Asked the co-chairs of the working groups and the Secretariat to prepare a first draft of the global biodiversity framework.
SBSTTA 24 was scheduled to take place in May 2020, but due to the global pandemic it was postponed and eventually rescheduled as an online event, taking place over several weeks in May-June 2021. The Earth Negotiations Bulletin reports that During the meeting, delegates discussed the importance of balance, questioned the complexity of the proposed indicators and suggested options for benchmarks, among others. Speakers also discussed the importance of selecting indicators for national reporting, whether there should be core indicators and what they should be.
Another subsidiary body of the CBD, the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, also met online for several weeks in May-June 2021 (SBI-3). Regarding the GBF, the SBI discussed:
- A draft post-2020 gender action plan;
- A communication strategy for the GBF;
- The implementation plan and the capacity building action plan of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety; and
- Other elements on the development of the GBF, including a decision on the periodicity of the COP meetings after COP 16.
The third meeting of the Open-ended Working Group on the Post-2020 Framework was originally scheduled to take place in July 2020 but has been postponed due to the pandemic. Instead, it will take place online in August-September 2021. [First draft of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework]